大学之道 ? 美国总统肯尼的就职演讲中英对照

来源:百度文库 编辑:16楼社区 时间:2019/10/24 05:53:10

John F. Kennedy: Inaugural Address

We observe today not a victory of party, but a celebration offreedom — symbolizing an end, as well as a beginning — signifyingrenewal, as well as change. For I have sworn before you and AlmightyGod the same solemn oath our forebears prescribed nearly a century andthree-quarters ago.

The world is very different now. For man holds in his mortal handsthe power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of humanlife. And yet the same revolutionary beliefs for which our forebearsfought are still at issue around the globe — the belief that the rightsof man come not from the generosity of the state, but from the hand ofGod.

We dare not forget today that we are the heirs of that firstrevolution. Let the word go forth from this time and place, to friendand foe alike, that the torch has been passed to a new generation ofAmericans — born in this century, tempered by war, disciplined by ahard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage, and unwilling towitness or permit the slow undoing of those human rights to which thisnation has always been committed, and to which we are committed todayat home and around the world.

Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that weshall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support anyfriend, oppose any foe, to assure the survival and the success ofliberty.

This much we pledge — and more.

To those old allies whose cultural and spiritual origins we share,we pledge the loyalty of faithful friends. United there is little wecannot do in a host of cooperative ventures. Divided there is little wecan do — for we dare not meet a powerful challenge at odds and splitasunder.

To those new states whom we welcome to the ranks of the free, wepledge our word that one form of colonial control shall not have passedaway merely to be replaced by a far more iron tyranny. We shall notalways expect to find them supporting our view. But we shall alwayshope to find them strongly supporting their own freedom — and toremember that, in the past, those who foolishly sought power by ridingthe back of the tiger ended up inside.

To those people in the huts and villages of half the globestruggling to break the bonds of mass misery, we pledge our bestefforts to help them help themselves, for whatever period is required —not because the Communists may be doing it, not because we seek theirvotes, but because it is right. If a free society cannot help the manywho are poor, it cannot save the few who are rich.

To our sister republics south of our border, we offer a specialpledge: to convert our good words into good deeds, in a new alliancefor progress, to assist free men and free governments in casting offthe chains of poverty. But this peaceful revolution of hope cannotbecome the prey of hostile powers. Let all our neighbors know that weshall join with them to oppose aggression or subversion anywhere in theAmericas. And let every other power know that this hemisphere intendsto remain the master of its own house.

To that world assembly of sovereign states, the United Nations, ourlast best hope in an age where the instruments of war have far outpacedthe instruments of peace, we renew our pledge of support — to preventit from becoming merely a forum for invective, to strengthen its shieldof the new and the weak, and to enlarge the area in which its writ mayrun.

Finally, to those nations who would make themselves our adversary,we offer not a pledge but a request: that both sides begin anew thequest for peace, before the dark powers of destruction unleashed byscience engulf all humanity in planned or accidental self-destruction.

We dare not tempt them with weakness. For only when our arms aresufficient beyond doubt can we be certain beyond doubt that they willnever be employed.

But neither can two great and powerful groups of nations takecomfort from our present course — both sides overburdened by the costof modern weapons, both rightly alarmed by the steady spread of thedeadly atom, yet both racing to alter that uncertain balance of terrorthat stays the hand of mankind’s final war.

So let us begin anew — remembering on both sides that civility isnot a sign of weakness, and sincerity is always subject to proof. Letus never negotiate out of fear, but let us never fear to negotiate.

Let both sides explore what problems unite us instead of belaboring those problems which divide us.

Let both sides, for the first time, formulate serious and preciseproposals for the inspection and control of arms, and bring theabsolute power to destroy other nations under the absolute control ofall nations.

Let both sides seek to invoke the wonders of science instead of itsterrors. Together let us explore the stars, conquer the deserts,eradicate disease, tap the ocean depths, and encourage the arts andcommerce.

Let both sides unite to heed, in all corners of the earth, thecommand of Isaiah — to “undo the heavy burdens, and [to] let theoppressed go free.”?

And, if a beachhead of cooperation may push back the jungle ofsuspicion, let both sides join in creating a new endeavor — not a newbalance of power, but a new world of law — where the strong are just,and the weak secure, and the peace preserved.

All this will not be finished in the first one hundred days. Norwill it be finished in the first one thousand days; nor in the life ofthis Administration; nor even perhaps in our lifetime on this planet.But let us begin.

In your hands, my fellow citizens, more than mine, will rest thefinal success or failure of our course. Since this country was founded,each generation of Americans has been summoned to give testimony to itsnational loyalty. The graves of young Americans who answered the callto service surround the globe.

Now the trumpet summons us again — not as a call to bear arms,though arms we need — not as a call to battle, though embattled we are— but a call to bear the burden of a long twilight struggle, year inand year out, “rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation,”?a struggleagainst the common enemies of man: tyranny, poverty, disease, and waritself.

Can we forge against these enemies a grand and global alliance,North and South, East and West, that can assure a more fruitful lifefor all mankind? Will you join in that historic effort?

In the long history of the world, only a few generations have beengranted the role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. Ido not shrink from this responsibility — I welcome it. I do not believethat any of us would exchange places with any other people or any othergeneration. The energy, the faith, the devotion which we bring to thisendeavor will light our country and all who serve it. And the glow fromthat fire can truly light the world.

And so, my fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.

My fellow citizens of the world, ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man.

Finally, whether you are citizens of America or citizens of theworld, ask of us here the same high standards of strength and sacrificewhich we ask of you. With a good conscience our only sure reward, withhistory the final judge of our deeds, let us go forth to lead the landwe love, asking His blessing and His help, but knowing that here onearth God’s work must truly be our own.